Young nettles everywhere at present , wild and free and bursting with the vitamins, minerals and trace elements that we need after that long punishing winter weâ€™ve all endured. Now that Spring is in here young growth is leaping from the ground in both urban areas and throughout the countryside. Nettles irk the gardener but itâ€™s worth remembering that they are a powerhouse of nutrients so letâ€™s just relish our weeds. Our grannies and granddads and ancestors all knew the value of incorporating iron rich nettles (more iron than either kale or Â asparagus) into your diet. In fact they have been a part of Irish diet for over 6,000 years, ever since the first farmers cleared the forests.
There was an old saying, that one should eat â€œfour feeds of nettles during the month of May to purify the blood and keep away the rheumatics.â€
There are many references to these plants in ancient manuscripts. Monks added them to their pottages and knew their value as a blood cleanser. Alexanders ramps and nettles are some of the earliest wild foods in the season; and now that foraging has become super cool, many chefs have also rediscovered wild foods and have been incorporating these ingredients into their menus in a myriad of creative ways. We ourselves have seen the increase in demand for organic nettles at our stall at the Farmersâ€™ Market in nearby Midleton.
Many will or of course know that the common nettle, (Urtica dioica),Â so wear long sleeves and long trousers when you are picking â€“ youâ€™ll also need gloves to protect your hands. If you do get stung, rub the affected area with a dock leaf (Rumex obtusifolius), because the sap will relieve the pain. Mother Nature has arranged that the antidote usually grows close by.
What our grandparents deduced is now scientifically proven. Herbalists confirm that as well as iron, nettles contain formic acid, histamine, ammonia, silicic acid and potassium. Some of these compounds are known to alleviate rheumatism, sciatica and other pains. They lower blood pressure and blood sugar levels, increase the haemoglobin in the blood, improve circulation and purify the system â€“ so our ancestors werenâ€™t far wrongâ€¦..Nettles are also a well-known and highly regarded diuretic which helps to eliminate toxins from kidneys. They also aid digestion and are anecdotally used to eliminate worms.
We use them in a myriad of ways; out in the garden Eileen Oâ€™Donovan makes a â€˜stinkyâ€™ nettle plant tea, which is splendid nitrogen-rich plant food.
In the kitchen we discover more and more ways to enjoy nettles. Needless to say we donâ€™t eat them raw â€“ they lose their sting as soon as they are cooked or even wilted in the pan with other greens. Stinging nettle soup is delicious as it is, simply made with an onion and potato base or in conjunction with other greens, such as watercress, sorrel or chick weed. Blanch the nettles well in boiling water and refresh then purÃ©e or add to spinach and ricotta as a filling for cappelletti or tortellini. They also work well on pizza, see Nettle and Ricotta Pizza recipe in my Saturday 24th March column, and even though they are added raw they lose their sting in the oven.
Itâ€™s also so worth making nettle beer, itâ€™ll be ready to drink within 3 or 4 weeks and its properly delicious, surprising as it may seem Nettle pesto is also super delicious.
Rogerâ€™s Nettle Beer
We are huge fans of Roger Philips and found this recipe in his â€œWild Foodâ€ book. It made delicious beer â€“ sweet, fizzy, perfect for summertime. Unfortunately we Â bottled it before it had finished fermenting, and one night, the glass bottles exploded. Oh well, practice makes perfect!
Makes 12 litres
100 nettle stalks, with leaves
11 litres (3 gallons) water
1.3kg (3lb) granulated sugar
50g (2oz) cream of tartar
10g (1â„2 oz) live yeast
Boil the nettles in the water for 10 minutes. Strain, and add the sugar and the cream of tartar. Heat and stir until dissolved. Remove from the heat and leave until tepid, then add the yeast and stir well. Cover with muslin and leave for a week.
Remove the scum and decant without disturbing the sediment. Bottle, cork and secure the top. Leave at room temperature for about 2 weeks or until starting to bubble, then drink within a few weeks.
Stinging Nettle Soup
We love this coup, which includes leeks as well as onion and potato to give an extra silkiness to the texture and flavour to the soup. We use tender young nettle tops in Spring.
45g (1 1â„2 oz) butter
285g (10oz) potatoes, peeled and chopped
110g (4oz) onions, chopped
110g (4oz) leeks, chopped
1 litre (1 3â„4 pints) chicken stock
140g (5oz) young nettles tips, washed and chopped
150ml (5fl oz) full-cream milk
salt and freshly ground pepper
Melt the butter in a heavy saucepan. When it foams, add the chopped onion and potato, toss them in the butter until well coated. Sprinkle with salt and freshly ground pepper. Cover with a paper lid (to trap the steam) and the saucepan lid, and
sweat over a gentle heat for 10 minutes, or until the vegetables are soft but not coloured. Discard the paper lid, add the stock and boil until the vegetables are just cooked, add the nettle leaves and simmer uncovered for just a few minutes. Do
not overcook or the vegetables will lose their flavour. Add the milk and liquidise. Taste and correct seasoning if necessary. Serve hot.
675g (1lb 3ozs) old potatoes, e.g. Golden Wonders
1 tea cup chopped nettles
300ml (10fl oz) milk
30-55g (1-2 ozs) butter
salt and freshly ground pepper
Scrub the potatoes and cook in boiling salted water until tender. Meanwhile, chop the young nettle tops and cook in the milk for approx. 20 minutes. As soon as the potatoes are cooked, drain and peel immediately while they are still hot. Mash until soft and free of lumps. Pour in the boiling milk add the nettles and a good lump of butter, beat until soft and creamy. Season with salt and freshly ground pepper. Serve hot with a lump of butter melting into the centre.
Chickpeas with Nettle Pesto and Parmesan
Serves 8 (small plates)
110 g (4 oz) chickpeas
flaky sea salt and freshly ground black pepper
extra virgin olive oil
nettle pesto (see below)
finely grated Parmesan
The day before:Â put the chickpeas in a bowl and cover with at least double volume of cold water.
The next day: drain the chickpeas, cover with fresh water or stock (could be chicken or vegetable stock) bring to the boil and simmer forÂ anything between 30 and 60 minutes depending on qualityÂ until fully cooked and soft.
Meanwhile make the nettle pesto.
When the chickpeas are cooked drain, add salt, freshly ground black pepper and extra virgin olive oil to taste.
To serve: reheat if necessary, correct seasoning.
Spoon a couple of tablespoons onto a small plate, drizzle with nettle pesto.
Sprinkle with grated Parmesan and serve immediately with good bread.
Makes 2-3 x 200ml jars
110g (4oz) nettle tops
1 clove garlic
50g (2oz) grated Parmesan
25g (1oz) peeled and toasted almonds or cashew nuts, roughly chopped
225mlÂ (8fl oz) extra virgin olive oil
1/4 teaspoon salt and freshly ground black pepper
Bring a large pot of water to the boil.Â Blanch the nettle tops for 1 minute and refresh in cold water.Â Drain well.Â Place the nettles, garlic, almonds, salt and pepper in the bowl of a food processor, whizz for a few seconds.Â Add the olive oil and whizz again.Â Finally add the Parmesan and whizz for a few more seconds. Store in sterilised jars covered in a layer of olive oil.